Periodontal Disease

Treatment for Periodontal Disease

Periodontal means “around the tooth”, which is fitting since periodontal disease attacks the bone and the gums that support the teeth. A major cause of periodontal disease is plaque. Plaque is a sticky film of saliva, bacteria, and food debris. When plaque is not removed, it transforms in tartar (calculus). The plaque and tartar then cause inflammation that destroy the bone and gums. The main characteristics of periodontal disease is bleeding, red, and swollen gums

4 out of 5 people have periodontal disease without even realizing it! This is due to the fact that this disease is usually painless during the initial stages.

Periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss. Additionally, research suggests that there is a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as diabetes, strokes, bacterial pneumonia, cardiovascular disease, and pregnancy risks. Researchers are still determining whether or not the bacteria and inflammation associated with periodontal disease causes these systemic conditions and diseases. Smoking also increases that chances of periodontal disease.

Some of the best ways to reduce developing periodontal disease is by practicing good oral hygiene, eating a balanced diet, and visiting the dentist regularly.

Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:

  • Bleeding gums: Even when you use dental floss or brush hard, gums should never bleed.
  • Persistent bad breath: Caused by bacteria in your mouth.
  • Receding gums: Occurs from loss of gum around a tooth.
  • Loose teeth: Caused by weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone) or bone loss.
  • Pus around the gums and teeth: Signs that an infection is present.
  • New gaps between teeth: Caused by bone loss.
  • Puffy and red gums: Gums should never be swollen or red.
  • Discomfort or tenderness: Bacteria, calculus, and plaque irritate the teeth and gums.


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